A perspective on Monounsaturated Fatty Acids and Risk of Cardiovascular DiseaseAuthor(s): Georg Hoffmann
No dietary recommendations for monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) are given by the National Institute of Medicine, the United States Department of Agriculture, European Food and Safety Authority and the American Diabetes Association. In contrast, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, and the Canadian Dietetic Association both promote <25% MUFA of daily total energy consumption, while the American Heart Association sets a limit of 20% MUFA in their respective guidelines. Electronic database Medline was searched for systematic reviews and meta-analyses using monounsaturated fatty acidsÃ¢Â€Â–, monounsaturated fatÃ¢Â€Â–, and dietary fatÃ¢Â€Â– as search terms with no restriction to calendar date or language. Reference lists and clinical guidelines were searched as well. Sixteen relevant papers were identified. Although no detrimental side effects of MUFA-rich diets were reported in the literature, there still is no unanimous rationale for MUFA recommendations in a therapeutic regimen. Additional long-term intervention studies are required to characterized efficacy and effectiveness of recommending MUFA-rich diet among general and clinical populations.