A longitudinal study on the distribution of the severe infectious diseases in south Sudan: malaria and tuberculosis

Author(s): Professor Wang Bei, Dr. Wang Lina & Christo Jada

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. They’re normally harmless or even helpful, but some organisms under certain conditions may cause disease. Infectious diseases can be passed from person to person; some however, are transmitted through the bites from insects or animals. Tuberculosis and Malaria are considered and still the Major causes of morbidity and mortality globally and in South Sudan in particular. South Sudan is plagued by similar problems in the pubic provision of health, and relies heavily on NGOs for diseases intervention execution and the private sector for the provision of disease control commodities. Tuberculosis commonly affects people with low immunity like elderly, those with HIV/AIDs, the young and not immunized children and those who are malnourished, on the other hand malaria commonly threat children and pregnant woman seriously specially in many tropical and subtropical areas. Like in most developing countries, infectious diseases are the most public health issues. The prospects for successful project on malaria and tuberculosis control and prevention are huge in south Sudan. Nevertheless, strengthening and coordination, infrastructure and human resources and capacity building, monitoring and evaluation are required for the successful of project of control and prevention.

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