Urology (from Greek οá½–ρον ouron "urine" and -λογία -logia "study of"), conjointly referred to as sex organ surgery, is that the branch of drugs that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and feminine urinary-tract system and also the male procreative organs. Organs below the domain of medicine embrace the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, vesica, urethra, and also the male procreative organs (testes, epididymis, duct, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis). The urinary and procreative tracts area unit closely coupled, and disorders of 1 usually have an effect on the opposite. so a significant spectrum of the conditions managed in medicine exists below the domain of sex organ disorders. medicine combines the management of medical (i.e., non-surgical) conditions, like urinary-tract infections and benign prostate dysplasia, with the management of surgical conditions like bladder or glandular cancer, urinary organ stones, innate abnormalities, traumatic injury, and urinary incontinence. Urological techniques embrace minimally invasive robotic and laparoscopic surgery, laser-assisted surgeries, and different scope-guided procedures. Urologists receive coaching in open and minimally invasive surgical techniques, using period ultrasound steering, fiber-optic examination instrumentality, and numerous lasers within the treatment of multiple benign and malignant conditions. medicine is closely associated with (and urologists usually collaborate with the practitioners of) medicine, nephrology, gynecology, andrology, medicine surgery, body part surgery, medical specialty, and medical specialty

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