Coronary Artery

The coronary arteries are the blood vessels of coronary circulation, which transit oxygenated blood towards the guts muscle. The heart requires endless supply of oxygen to function and survive, very similar to the other tissue or organ of the body. The coronary arteries wrap around the entire heart. The two main branches are the left arteria coronaria (LCA) and right arteria coronaria (RCA). The arteries can additionally be categorized supported the world of the guts they supply circulation for. These categories are termed epicardial (above the epicardium, or the outermost tissue of the heart) and microvascular (close to the endocardium, or the innermost tissue of the heart). Reduced function of the coronary arteries can cause decreased flow of oxygen and nutrients to the guts. Not only does this affect supply to the guts muscle itself, but it can also affect the power of the guts to pump blood throughout the body. Therefore, any disorder or disease of the coronary arteries can have a significant impact on health, possibly resulting in angina, a attack , and even death. The coronary arteries are mainly comprised of the left and right coronary arteries, both of which give off several branches.

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