Biodegradable Polymers

 Biodegradable chemical compounds square measure a special category of polymer that breaks down once its meant purpose by microorganism decomposition method to end in natural byproducts like gases (CO2, N2), water, biomass, and inorganic salts. These polymers square measure found each naturally and synthetically created, and for the most part encompass organic compound, amide, and ether purposeful teams. Their properties and breakdown mechanism square measure determined by their precise structure. These polymers square measure usually synthesized by condensation reactions, ring gap chemical process, and metal catalysts. There square measure large examples and applications of perishable polymers.

Bio-based packaging materials are introduced as a inexperienced various within the past decades, among that, edible films have gained additional attention thanks to their environmentally-friendly characteristics, large selection and accessibility, non-toxicity, and low price. perishable polymers have an extended history, and since several square measure natural product, the precise timeline of their discovery and use can not be accurately copied. one in all the primary medicative uses of a perishable chemical compound was the catgut suture, that dates back to a minimum of a hundred AD. the primary catgut sutures were made of the intestines of sheep, however fashionable catgut sutures square measure made of refined albuminoid extracted from the little intestines of bovine, sheep, or goats. The conception of artificial perishable plastics and polymers was 1st introduced within the Eighties. In 1992, a world meeting was known as wherever leaders in perishable polymers met to debate a definition, standard, and testing protocol for perishable polymers.

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