The Role of LncRNAs in the Development of Cataracts

Author(s): Cissé Yacouba, Bai Lang*, Kampete Damandi Voulaniya

The prevalence of eye diseases worldwide is dramatically increasing and represents a major concern in underdeveloped and developed regions, especially sight threatening diseases. Ocular diseases, previously associated with a higher depression risk, also impose a substantial economic burden on affected families and society, thus the importance of early detection and accurate treatment. In order to avoid and prevent blindness. We should emphasize that cataract is a clouding (opacification) in a normal transparent lens which leads to a vision. It is commonly due to aging but may also be present at birth and occur due to trauma or radiation exposure. With the increasing population of elderly people and cataract patients in China, the social burden of cataract is presently a big challenge and will continue to be a challenge in the future. Genetics has shown to play an important role in the occurrence of eye diseases, with the detection of a numbers of specific gene mutations. LncRNAs has emerged as a novel class of regulatory molecules involved in numerous biological processes and complicated diseases. However the proper connections and pathways they may use to influence the susceptibility to developing cataracts have not yet been completely elucidated. In this review, we focus on the lncRNAs characteristics and its regulation, and summarize these results from separate, independent, cataract related studies in addition to discussing possible pathways by which lncRNAs might contribute to the development of cataract.