The evaluation of factors affecting on patient admission from operating room to intensive care unit in Pravara rural hospital, Loni.

Author(s): B Meenakshi Shivakumar1, Akshaya N Shetti

A hospital or other healthcare facility's intensive care unit (ICU) is a unique division that offers intensive care medicine. Highly skilled medical professionals and nurses, who specialise in caring for critically ill patients work in these facilities. ICUs differ from ordinary hospital wards by having a larger staff-to-patient ratio and having access to cutting-edge medical tools and resources that are not frequently found elsewhere. The selection and admission of patients should be based on classical indices, especially for patients who benefit of intensive care, have lower risk of mortality and better prognosis. On the other hand, the long stay of patients in ICU isn’t cost – effective and is a barrier for admission of new patient. Hence, identification of postoperative complications is necessary for effective planning for optimal use of ICU beds and facilities. Proper planning and consideration of factors in reducing the mortality rate, and correct planning of treatment, the scientific and systematic admission of patients in intensive care units and separation of surgical and internal intensive care units can reduce the mortality rate in this unit as the most important measure for efficiency of the treatment unit.