Robotics and surgery

Author(s): Anette Jacobs

Artificial Intelligence is the study of algorithms that enable robots to reason and conduct cognitive functions such as problem solving, object and word recognition, and decision-making. Imaging, navigation, and robotic intervention are all undergoing rapid technological advancements, which are altering surgical techniques. The use of imaging tools such as ultrasound, computed tomography, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) before and during surgery allows for complicated surgical navigation and planning. Technological breakthroughs, such as the use of robots in surgery, have been used to detect tumour cells in the body. Much advancement to robots is now being researched and manufactured. Machine learning has surpassed logistic regression in the prediction of Surgical Site Infections (SSI) by creating non-linear models that integrate several data sources, including diagnoses, therapies, and test results. In many Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications, artificial neural networks based on biological nerve systems have grown increasingly significant.