Pediatric Interventional Radiology Techniques: Minimally Invasive Solutions for Young Patients

Author(s): Dinesh Khanna

Pediatric interventional radiology techniques play a crucial role in the diagnosis and treatment of various medical conditions in children. This abstract provides an overview of the key techniques used in pediatric interventional radiology, highlighting their significance and applications. Interventional radiology involves minimally invasive procedures guided by imaging modalities such as fluoroscopy, ultrasound, CT (computed tomography), and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). In the pediatric context, these techniques are tailored to the unique anatomical and physiological considerations of children, ensuring optimal outcomes with reduced risks. Diagnostic procedures encompass angiography, which aids in visualizing blood vessels and identifying vascular abnormalities like congenital malformations and vascular tumors. In pediatric patients, angiography assists in the diagnosis of conditions such as arteriovenous malformations and coarctation of the aorta, enabling targeted and precise treatment planning. Interventional radiology techniques also encompass therapeutic interventions. Percutaneous image-guided biopsies and drainages help diagnose and manage conditions such as infections and abscesses in children. Furthermore, minimally invasive techniques, like embolization, can address vascular anomalies and bleeding disorders. Catheter-based interventions are another crucial aspect of pediatric interventional radiology. These procedures are used for a variety of conditions, including congenital heart defects. Atrial Septal defect (ASD) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closures are performed using catheter-based approaches, reducing the need for open-heart surgery and minimizing postoperative complications.