One year follow-up of post percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in patients with coronary heart disease

Author(s): Shiliveri Sadhan Siddardha, Anjalee Chiwhane, Gajendra Agrawal, Sunil Kumar, Sourya Acharya

Background: Globally, the Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) has become the number one cause of death. Antithrombotic therapy along with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is the most common preferred approach to improve clinical outcomes.

Aims: To know the clinical end points of Myocardial infarction like unstable angina, congestive cardiac failure and death in post Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA).

Methodology: This study was designed as prospective observational study, carried out on myocardial infarction patients who have underwent PTCA surgery. These patients were subjected to detailed clinical examination with observation on signs of unstable angina, reinfarction and mortality. All the patients were called for follow up at 3, 6, and 12 months and they underwent clinical examination, ECG and 2D echo. The collected data was entered into excel chart and analysed using SPSS V.23. The Chi-square test was used and p-value less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results: A total of 240 patients were included with mean age of 56.7 ± 9.6 years with a range and gender ratio of 3.1:1. Around half of the patients had anterior wall Myocardial Infarction (MI), 31.2% had inferior wall MI and 13.8% had lateral wall MI. Nine (3.8%) patients had global ischemia. All patients had undergone PTCA surgery. At 12 months follow-up, 8.33% had angina, 5.8% had reinfarction and 3.3% died during the study period.

Conclusion: Angioplasty in myocardial infarction cases is able to achieve good long-term results.