Neurotrophic factors and Parkinson's disease

Author(s): Rajat Bhardwaj and Rahul Deshmukh

Neurotrophins play a major role in adult neuronal survival, maintenance and regeneration. Alterations in their levels have been implicated in various neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson’s disease (PD). It has been reported that, the pathophysiology of PD progress is essentially depends on various striatal signaling cascade, which consists handful of neurotrophic factors namely, cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor (CDNF), glial derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF), brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF). Although, the exact pathophysiology of PD is remained elusive however, the loss of dopaminergic neurons and dopamine deficiency has considered as a major consequence for the movement disability as seen in PD. It has been proposed that loss of dopaminergic neurons in PD may be conducted by inadequate neurotrophic activity which leads to neuronal apoptosis. In addition, stimulation of neurotrophic factors in the striatal brain region has been reported to be beneficial in experimental models of PD. In the current review we have detailed out the neurotrophic factors and their role in pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease.