Neonatal Rheumatology: Types of Neonatal Rheumatic DiseasesAuthor(s): Fanos Vassilios
Neonatal rheumatology is a specialized field of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and management of rheumatic diseases in infants, particularly those who are less than three months old. Rheumatic diseases are a group of conditions that affect the joints, muscles, and bones of the body, and they can also affect other organs and systems. These conditions can cause pain, inflammation, and other symptoms that can be debilitating and even life-threatening if left untreated. In neonates, rheumatic diseases can be especially challenging to diagnose and manage due to the complexities of their still-developing immune and musculoskeletal systems. Neonatal rheumatology is a subfield of pediatric rheumatology that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases in new-borns and young infants. Rheumatic diseases are a group of conditions that affect the joints, muscles, and bones, and can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling.