Membrane Rupture in Preterm Infants: Diagnosis and Treatment

Author(s): Kiara Cartis

Preterm premature membrane rupture, often known as PMMR, occurs before 37 weeks of pregnancy. It happens in 3% of pregnancies and is the reason for about one-third of premature births. Significant perinatal morbidity, such as foetal death, placental abruption, umbilical cord prolapse, neonatal sepsis, respiratory distress syndrome, and neonatal sepsis, can result from it. Improving newborn outcomes depends on appropriate evaluation and management. Digital inspection is associated with a shorter latent period and the possibility of unfavourable consequences; hence speculum examination is used to detect cervical dilatation. Treatment varies based on gestational age and takes delivery into account when membrane rupture occurs at or after 34 weeks of pregnancy. Numerous neonatal problems, including intraventricular haemorrhage and respiratory distress, might be decreased by corticosteroids.