Endometriosis in the Small Bowel

Author(s): Jennifer Stewart

Endometriosis is defined as the presence of normal endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity and myometrium. It’s a common disease that affects about 6%-10% of reproductive-age women. The ovaries, uterine ligaments, rectovaginal septum, cul-de-sac, pelvic peritoneum, colon, and appendix, in that sequence, can all be affected by endometriosis. Intestinal endometriosis accounts for 3%-37% of all intestinal cases, while the small bowel is only involved in about 10% of all intestinal endometriosis cases. Endometriosis-related small intestine obstruction, on the other hand, occurs in less than 7% of patients. Surgical excision is only required in roughly 1% of these cases. In different studies, the incidence of endometriosis in the appendix ranges from 0.2% to 1.3%. According to these data, endometriosis causing small intestine obstruction with accompanying appendiceal endometriosis is an extremely rare clinical event. As a result, we present a case of endometriosis-related small bowel obstruction. It’s worth mentioning that most cases are only found after surgery