Cystic hygroma

Author(s): Ragmoun Houssem, Mhelheli Riadh, Hafsi Montacer, Ben Moumen Olfa, Gomri Emna

Cystic hygroma, also known as lymphatic malformation, is a congenital abnormality of the lymphatic system. It is characterized by the formation of fluid-filled sacs or cysts in the neck, axilla, or groin regions. These cysts are caused by the malformation or dysfunction of the lymphatic vessels and can lead to swelling and discomfort. Cystic hygroma can also be associated with chromosomal abnormalities, such as Turner syndrome or Down syndrome, and can have serious effects on an affected individual's health and quality of life. Treatment options for cystic hygroma include surgical excision, sclerotherapy, and laser therapy. In some cases, observation and close monitoring may be recommended if the cyst is small and asymptomatic. The prognosis for individuals with cystic hygroma varies depending on the size and location of the cyst, as well as the presence of associated anomalies. This retrospective descriptive study aims to evaluate the incidence, presence of chromosomal anomalies and outcome of fetuses diagnosed with cystic hygroma colli.