Biologic effect of ionizing radiationAuthor(s): Julio Cesar Rodriguez Goyes*, Nicolas Jaramillo Gomez, Valentina Jaramillo Restrepo, Simon Gaviria, Andrea Hincapie, Eduardo Arias
Ionizing radiation is a well-known risk factor for developing benign and malignant diseases including different types of cancer. Despite its proven deleterious effects there is still a high unawareness about its importance. There is no a complete adherence to the use of protective tools for avoiding radiation exposure in the cath lab, especially in head and eye protection. New theories have been discovered which help to explain different ways through ionizing radiation makes damage in the cell and molecular level in the exposed organisms. The present review article is intended to discuss the mechanisms of biological damage and main diseases related to ionizing radiation exposure.