Arthroscopy is a type of orthopedic surgery that is performed with the least amount of invasiveness possible.

Author(s): Jennifer Stewart

Muscular medical technology, like all fields of medicine, advanced tremendously in the twentieth century. Joint replacement surgery and arthroscopic surgery, as well as a better comprehension of fundamental atomic, cell, genetic, and biomechanical aspects of the musculoskeletal framework, were the two most significant achievements in muscular surgery in the last 100 years. These breakthroughs, made possible by surges in innovation, will continue to improve treatment results and expand the signs for use as innovation evolves. The history of arthroscopy may be traced back to the seventeenth century, when the first modern cystoscopy was created and shown that it could be used to perform tasks. To view the pleural and peritoneal pits, the cystoscope was invented in 1910. After eight years, Takagi of Tokyo University was the first to insert a cystoscope into a deceased body’s knee joint, becoming the first to apply endoscopic standards to a knee joint. Until World War II interrupted his research, teacher Takagi continued to popularize the arthroscope in Japan. In 1921, Bircher utilized an adapted Jacobaeus laparoscope to scan the inside of 18 patient’s knees in Switzerland, and he later published his findings on posttraumatic joint inflammation and meniscal disease diagnosis. Takagi’s student Watanabe continued Takagi’s efforts on perfecting the arthroscope after WW II. He created practical ways for employing arthroscopic vision with the release of the Atlas of Arthroscopy in 1957.